Category Archives: Research

ZAL Zentrum für Angewandte Luftfahrtforschung to use laser peening system to study metal fatigue enhancement applications for the civil aviation

Dublin, Ohio, USA, Jun-14-2017 — /EuropaWire/ — LSP Technologies announces the sale of its state-of-the-art Procudo® 200 Laser Peening System to the ZAL Zentrum für Angewandte Luftfahrtforschung in Hamburg, Germany. The equipment is being delivered to the ZAL TechCenter in Hamburg during the 3rd quarter of 2017, and being used to study metal fatigue enhancement applications for the civil aviation industry.

“We are very excited to introduce the first production-quality commercial laser peening system into Europe,” said Dr. Jeff Dulaney, President and CEO of LSP Technologies, Inc. “Laser peening is becoming the aviation industry standard for increasing fatigue strength in titanium and steels, and LSPT’s Procudo® Laser Peening System is the most powerful and versatile machine available for component service life extension.”

Laser peening is a proven method for significantly increasing the fatigue life and fatigue strength of metals. The mechanical surface enhancement process utilizes a high-energy pulsed laser beam to impart compressive residual stresses up to twenty times deeper than shot peening. The compressive stresses introduced by laser peening add strength and robustness to metal parts by improving their resistance to damage, fatigue, crack initiation and crack propagation. Benefits of the process include: extended component service life, reduced maintenance and repair costs, improved part performance, and enhanced resistance to failure. The process has been employed for years by major aerospace OEMs including GE Aviation and Rolls Royce.

LSP Technologies’ Procudo® 200 Laser Peening System is the only commercially available laser designed exclusively for laser peening. It employs a diode-pumped, pulsed YLF laser that produces a flat-top beam for smooth energy distribution and consistent processing. The flexible system offers selectable laser parameters, along with custom controls and diagnostics developed from LSPT’s 20 years of laser peening experience. Engineered for high-volume production processing, the Procudo® Laser Peening System can deliver 20 pulses per second, making it the fastest laser peening system ever built.

The Hamburg Center of Applied Aeronautical Research was established in 2009 as a technological research and development hub for the Hamburg Aviation Network. It is a public-private partnership that not only includes collaboration from some of the aviation industry’s largest organizations, such as Lufthansa and Airbus, but also from suppliers, SME, universities, research institutions, start-ups and many more. The ZAL TechCenter opened in Hamburg in 2016, and the 95-million-euro facility immediately became one of the largest and most advanced aeronautical research facilities in the world.

LSP Technologies is the world’s premier laser peening services, technology and equipment provider. It is the only company in the world selling, installing, and integrating state-of-the-art laser peening systems into manufacturing and research facilities. The company has been providing laser peening production services for clients in the aviation and power generation industries for over twenty years, and has been awarded more than fifty patents for innovations in laser peening equipment and technology.

SOURCE: EuropaWire

International Astronautical Congress

The 61st International Astronautical Congress has been celebrated in Prague, CZ. In this congress, new advances in Aeronautics and Astronautics have been exposed. Doctor Gabriel Barceló´s paper has had special relevance in this congress. This paper: ON THE EQUIVALENCE PRINCIPLE relates to his investigation on field theory of Rotational Dynamics, which specifically applies to rigid rotating physical systems and which has numerous and significant scientific and technological applications. The achieved results allow us to obtain a new perspective in dynamics, unknown up to date, making it possible to turn given trajectories which, until now, have been considered as chaotic, into deterministic terms. After a deep analysis of the Equivalence Principle, the Spanish investigator, Doctor Barceló has come to the conclusion that there still exists an unstructured scientific area in the present general assumptions and, specifically, in the area of rigid bodies exposed to simultaneous non-coaxial rotations.

For this purpose, it is necessary to analyze the velocity and acceleration fields that are generated in the body, and assess new criteria in these speeds coupling. In this context, reactions and inertial fields take place, which cannot be justified by means of the classical mechanics.

Doctor Barceló briefly informed to assistants of the surprising results obtained, and expressed the interest towards the investigation of this new area of knowledge in rotational non-inertial dynamics, and of its multiple and remarkable scientific and technological applications.

Quite a number of examples can be thought of for checking the dynamic hypotheses proposed by Doctor Barceló, which would allow us to interpret many, still unexplained assumptions in nature, using the interactions which result from rotating the space of events.

An example of the theory is the feared roll coupling of the planes. It happens when a plane, which is flying a screw or any other kind of air acrobatics which implies, for example, a turn around its main inertia axe, starts a new steering manoeuvre with curved trajectory. According to the supported dynamic hypotheses, the non-homogeneous distribution of speeds, generated by the new non-coaxial rotation of the plane mass, couples to the field of translation speed, causing an unintentional deviation of the trajectory as well as a possible loss of the plane control.

Via EPR Network
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Physics Can Explain The Behaviour Of The South Africa World Cup Ball

The World Cup Ball And Its Astonishing Effects Can Be Easily Explained Through TheTheory Of Dynamic Interactions, Which Also Applies To The Flight Of The Boomerang.

The official World Cup ball, the so called “Jabulani”, which has been object of a lot of criticism due to its unpredictable path, will be studied by the FIFA and experts after the World Cup.

The “strange effects” in the behaviour of the official World Cup ball can be easily described through the physical theory proposed by the Spaniard Gabriel Barceló. For more than twenty years this Spanish PhD in Engineering has been explaining the deviation of a ball, the effect of tennis or ping-pong balls or the curved paths of golf balls through the Theory of Dynamic Interactions (TID). This physical theory describes the behaviour of bodies exposed to acceleration through rotation, from soccer balls to rotating heavenly bodies.

This theory enables an easy understanding of the path of the “Jabulani” and gives the reason for its possible changes, in the same way as this theory explains the typical flight of the boomerang or the rotation of galaxies in space.

Another Spanish engineer, Arturo Rodriguez, who cooperates with PhD Barceló on this investigation project, was the initial observer of the effects of the “Jabulani” and confirmed that it behaved according to the TID , based on the following reasoning: According to official or orthodox Physics, the reason for the effects which occur to the soccer ball (and which cause the change from rectilinear to circular path) is of aerodynamic origin, i.e. they arise from the interaction of the surface of a body (ball) with the environment (draughts). Usually this deviation of the ball is, erroneously, attributed to the so called “Magnus Effect”, without quantification and with insufficient scientific rigor.

But in fact the surface of the “Jabulani” is identical to that of any other soccer ball (shape, size, weight, material, roughness, etc …). What makes this ball different from others is only the internal structure, which in this case is made up of a layer of spherical rubber sectors instead of the homogeneous and continuous structure of traditional balls. Therefore there is every indication that it is this difference which causes a differentiated dynamic behaviour.

Summarizing, according to the analysis which derives from the “Magnus” effect this internal structure of the ball is of none importance, as orthodox Physics only takes into account the aerodynamic effects which are originated between the surface of the ball and the environment (air).

This clear contradiction proves that the physical-mathematical model which has been generally accepted up to date would not be correct. I have been analyzing this topic and have come to the conclusion that this phenomenon confirms the correctness of the Theory of Dynamic Interactions.

Already in 2005 PhD. Barceló published the book “El vuelo del Bumerán” (The flight of the Boomerang), where he explained the TID, later reiterating his arguments in the text “Un mundo en rotación” (A rotating World), published in 2008. In both books he analyzes rotating bodies and repeatedly insists on looking for new solutions to existing rotational questions related to the paths of spinning balls, as well as other similar astrophysical phenomena, or even its possible use in astronautics. This theory has been presented in various Physics and Mathematics Conferences and has been published in several journals.

After so many years, this ball could be the proof of the theory, because, at it is not homogeneous, internal torques will be originated due to the uneven effect of the weight of each sector of the ball, so that gravity will favour the existence of curved paths of the “Jabulani” ball. This theory could be used in the design of spinning or non spinning balls.

The theory of Dynamic Interactions (TID) can be looked up in Internet on:http://www.advanceddynamics.net/

Via EPR Network
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Earth’s Magnetic Field Is Produced By An External Dynamo System, Not An Internal Dynamo

Researcher finds that Earth’s magnetic field is not produced by an internal dynamo. Nor is it produced by ocean current. The dynamo is outside the Planet! New findings by independent researcher, Dennis Brooks, show that Earth’s magnetic field and the planet itself are components of a complex dynamo system, which surrounds the planet. The planet and its magnetic field are part of the dynamo. According to this new theory, no internal dynamo or ocean current helps in producing or maintaining the magnetic field because other planets with magnetic fields do not have ocean currents or iron cores.

Image by NASA

Each planet does not have a unique way of producing its magnetic field. The magnetic field of each planet is produced by a planetary dynamo system and its ring current.

For many years researchers thought that a similar dynamo system was within the planet and that this internal dynamo generated the magnetic field. However, we know now that it is too hot inside the planet to produce and maintain a magnetic field there.

The planetary dynamo system is composed of a magnetosphere, the planet, the magnetic field, radiation belts, ring current, and charged particles from the solar wind. The planet is the central component of the system and its rotation plays an important part in operating the dynamo and generating ring current. The magnetic field is generated by the system’s ring current, which is made up of charged particles. The magnetic field captures even more charged particles and brings them into the dynamo system as fuel. Everything works together.

Earth’s inner and outer core simply cannot provide the fuel a dynamo system needs. If earth’s dynamo had to depend on energy from the planet for fuel, the entire planet would have been completely consumed many years ago.

To learn more about Earth’s magnetic field, Visit
http://sites.google.com/site/earthsmagneticfield/

Via EPR Network
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A2 Technologies Receives Research Contract From The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

A2 Technologies announces today that it has received a three year research contract from the Federal Aviation Administration to study the effectiveness of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) for determining damage to composite materials used in civilian aircraft applications.

The project will focus on three main tasks. A2 Technologies’ hand-held Exoscan FTIR system will be used to develop the methodology for determining, thermal, UV and chemical damage to composites. Once this is developed, it will be used to detect the full extent of damage in composite panels and to monitor and aid in bonding and repair processes. These methods will then be implemented to enable the Exoscan system to be used by qualified non-destructive evaluation personnel in field trials. Collaborating on this project with A2 Technologies is The Center for Composite Materials at the University of Delaware.

Jon Frattaroli, CEO of A2 Technologies states “We developed Exoscan as an easy-to-use, high performance, hand-held FTIR spectrometer in order to expand the use of this widely used analytical technique to non-laboratory applications. We are delighted that the FAA has seen the potential value of FTIR spectroscopy as a non-destructive analysis technology for use in aircraft manufacturing and maintenance. We are excited to work with our outstanding collaborators to prove the value of this technology.”

For more information, please contact Dr. Alan Rein, Vice President Business Development, A2 Technologies at 201-909-8824 or arein@a2technologies.com or visit www.a2technologies.com

About A2 Technologies
Headquartered in Danbury, Connecticut, A2 Technologies is taking FTIR spectroscopy out of the lab and into the field. A2 Technologies manufactures and develops portable FTIR spectrometers designed for the analytical needs of the petrochemical, environmental, transportation, mining and other general environments where there is a need for analysis. The portable FTIR analyzers extend the proven capabilities of Fourier Transform Infrared technology by rendering sample preparation obsolete and ensuring real time results. For further press information or images please contact Marketing Director Valerie Lopez at the A2 Technologies headquarters in Danbury Connecticut 203.312.1106 or e-mail vlopez@a2technologies.com

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